State Window Tinting Laws:
Alabama through Hawaii




Updated 9/16/2011

STATE FRONT
SIDES
REAR
SIDES
BACK
WINDOW
VISOR NET/FILM
AL 32% 32% 32% 6" NET
AK 70% 40% 40% 5" NET
AZ 33% ANY% ANY% AS1 NET
AR 25% 25% 10% 5" NET
CA 70% ANY% ANY% 4" NET
CO* 27% 27% 27% 4" NET
CO* NO% ANY% ANY% 4" NET
CT 35% 35% ANY% AS1 NET
DE 70% ANY% ANY% AS1 NET
FL 28% 15% 15% AS1 NET
GA 32% 32% 32% 6" NET
HI 35% 35% 35% 4" NET


These laws may not be current and are often enforced differently by different PD's. In all cases, refer to you local authority for enforcement policies, current laws, rules or regulations. Your current state law is the final authority, not this website! The numbers represent the percentage of light transmitted through the tinted glass, so the lower the number, the darker the film allowed. Generally the films are sold as 5%(limo), 20%(dark), 35%(medium), 50%(light).
S.U.V.s often have different regulations, which are not listed here.

A to H   I to M   N to O   P to W



Alaska

Administrative Code  Title 13, Chapter 4, Section 223
Section 223. Tinted Vehicle Windows.

(a) No person may drive a motor vehicle upon a highway or a
vehicular way or area with mirrored tinting material on any window of the
vehicle. Except as provided in this section, no person may drive a motor
vehicle upon a highway or a vehicular way or area with aftermarket tinting
material or aftermarket striping material on any window of the vehicle.

(b) Aftermarket tinting of vehicle windows is permissible as
follows:

(1) the glass immediately in front of the driver may have a
strip of tinting material applied to the top edge, known in the industry as
an "eyebrow," which does not extend downward more than five inches from the
top of the glass;
(2) the windows immediately to the driver's right and left
may have tinting material that permits at least 70 percent light
transmittance;
(3) the rear door windows, quarter glasses, and back glasses
may have tinting material that permits at least 40 percent light
transmittance;
(4) limousines and passenger buses used to transport persons
for hire, motor homes, and vehicles identified by the vehicle manufacturer as
multipurpose may have tinting material that complies with Standard No. 205,
Glazing materials in 49 C.F.R. 571.205 (1992).

(c) The windows of a vehicle may have tinting material that
permits less light transmittance than that specified in (b) of this section
if

(1) a driver or a passenger who frequently travels in the
vehicle is required for medical reasons to be shielded from the direct rays
of the sun;
(2) the medical reasons are certified annually by a
physician licensed to practice in this state; and
(3) the certification is carried in the vehicle.

(d) Tinting materials must be green, gray, or neutral smoke in color.

(e) Light transmittance must be measured by using a light
transmittance measuring device with an allowance for manufacturing variances
of plus or minus three percent. The accuracy of the device must be certified
by the manufaturer of the device.

(f) In this section, "light transmittance" means the ratio,
expressed as a percentage, of the amount of total light that is allowed to
pass through a window, including glazing, to the amount of total light
falling on the window.

(g) All vehicles must comply with this section by July 1, 1994.

Eff. 10/2/92 Register 123; am 4/2/94, Register 129.

Arkansas

(a) It shall be unlawful to operate a vehicle on the public highways if after-market tinting material, together with striping material, has been applied to any windows of the vehicle or if letters or logos larger than one-quarter inch (1/4") have been applied to the windows of the vehicle.

(b) After-market tinting of vehicle windows shall be lawful only as follows:
(1) The glass immediately in front of the operator may have a strip of tinting material applied to the top edge, known in the industry as an "eyebrow", but it may not extend downward more than five inches (5") from the top center of the windshield;


(2) On all 1994 model vehicles and later model vehicles, the side windows and side wings located on the immediate right or left of the driver or to the right or left immediately behind the driver may be covered with an after-market tinting material which results in at least twenty-five percent (25%) net light transmission, except that the side windows immediately behind the driver on any truck, bus, trailer, motor home, or multiple purpose passenger vehicle may be covered with an after-market tinting material which results in at least ten percent (10%) net light transmission; and

(3) On all 1994 model vehicles and later model vehicles, the rearmost window may be covered with an after-market tinting material which results in at least ten percent (10%) net light transmission.
(c) Any vehicle that is operated on Arkansas roads with after-market tinting material on any glass shall have attached to the front glass immediately to the operator's left a label containing the name and phone number of the company installing the tinting material and affirming that all tinting on the vehicle conforms to the requirements of this section.
(d) The provisions of this section shall not apply to motorists operating vehicles registered in other states that have enacted legislation regulating the shading of windshields or windows of motor vehicles who are driving on Arkansas roads and highways.
(e)(1) A motorist shall be exempt from this section if the motorist is diagnosed by a physician as having a disease or disorder, including, but not limited to, albinism or lupus, for which the physician determines it is in the best interest of the motorist to be exempt from the requirements of this section. The motorist shall carry in his or her motor vehicle a physician's certification.

(2) The installation of tinted glass shall be exempt from this section if the tinted glass is installed in the motor vehicle of a person exempted under this subsection, as evidenced by a physician's certification.
(f) The provisions of this section shall not be applicable to vehicles or operators of vehicles used exclusively or primarily for the transportation of dead human bodies.
(g) Any installer of motor vehicle glass tinting material who installs any glass tinting in violation of this section or otherwise violates the provisions of this section or any person operating any motor vehicle with glass tinting or other after-market alteration of the glass in the vehicle which is contrary to the provisions of this section shall be guilty of a Class B misdemeanor.
(h) The provisions of this section shall also apply to:
(1) All 1993 and older model vehicles which have not had after-market tinting material applied in accordance with Acts 1991, No. 563 [repealed], or Acts 1991, No. 1043 [repealed]; and

(2) At such time as the ownership of the same are transferred, all older model vehicles which have had after-market tinting material applied in accordance with Acts 1991, No. 563 [repealed], or Acts 1991, No. 1043 [repealed].
(i) Notwithstanding any other provision of this section or any other law to the contrary, windshields of law enforcement vehicles may be tinted to the extent that the windshield permits at least fifty percent (50%) net light transmission.

California

VEHICLE CODE

26708.  (a) (1) No person shall drive any motor vehicle with any
object or material placed, displayed, installed, affixed, or applied
upon the windshield or side or rear windows.

(2) No person shall drive any motor vehicle with any object or
material placed, displayed, installed, affixed, or applied in or
upon the vehicle which obstructs or reduces the driver's clear
view through the windshield or side windows.

(3) This subdivision applies to a person driving a motor vehicle
with the driver's clear vision through the windshield, or side or
rear windows, obstructed by snow or ice.
(b) This section does not apply to any of the following:

(1) Rearview mirrors.

(2) Adjustable nontransparent sunvisors which are mounted forward
of the side windows and are not attached to the glass.

(3) Signs, stickers, or other materials which are displayed in a
7-inch square in the lower corner of the windshield farthest removed
from the driver, signs, stickers, or other materials which are
displayed in a 7-inch square in the lower corner of the rear window
farthest removed from the driver, or signs, stickers, or other materials
which are displayed in a 5-inch square in the lower corner of the
windshield nearest the driver.

(4) Side windows which are to the rear of the driver.

(5) Direction, destination, or termini signs upon a passenger common
carrier motor vehicle or a schoolbus, if those signs do not interfere
with the driver's clear view of approaching traffic.

(6) Rear window wiper motor.

(7) Rear trunk lid handle or hinges.

(8) The rear window or windows, when the motor vehicle is equipped
with outside mirrors on both the left- and right-hand sides of the
vehicle that are so located as to reflect to the driver a view of the
highway through each mirror for a distance of at least 200 feet to the
rear of the vehicle.

(9) A clear, transparent lens affixed to the side window opposite the
driver on a vehicle greater than 80 inches in width and which occupies
an area not exceeding 50 square inches of the lowest corner toward the
rear of that window and which provides the driver with a wide-angle view
through the lens.

(10) Sun screening devices meeting the requirements of Section 26708.2
installed on the side windows on either side of the vehicle's front seat,
if the driver or a passenger in the front seat has in his or her
possession a letter or other document signed by a licensed physician and
surgeon certifying that the person must be shaded from the sun due to a
medical condition, or has in his or her possession a letter or other
document signed by a licensed optometrist certifying that the person must
be shaded from the sun due to a visual condition. The devices authorized
by this paragraph shall not be used during darkness.

(11) An electronic communication device affixed to the center uppermost
portion of the interior of a windshield within an area that is not greater
than 5 inches square, if the device provides either of the following:

(A) The capability for enforcement facilities of the Department of the
California Highway Patrol to communicate with a vehicle equipped with
the device.

(B) The capability for electronic toll and traffic management on public
or private roads or facilities.

(c) Notwithstanding subdivision (a), transparent material may be installed,
affixed, or applied to the topmost portion of the windshield if the following
conditions apply:

(1) The bottom edge of the material is at least 29 inches above the
undepressed driver's seat when measured from a point 5 inches in front
of the bottom of the backrest with the driver's seat in its rearmost
and lowermost position with the vehicle on a level surface.

(2) The material is not red or amber in color.

(3) There is no opaque lettering on the material and any other lettering
does not affect primary colors or distort vision through the windshield.

(4) The material does not reflect sunlight or headlight glare into the
eyes of occupants of oncoming or following vehicles to any greater extent
than the windshield without the material.

(d) Notwithstanding subdivision (a), clear, colorless, and transparent
material may be installed, affixed, or applied to the front side windows,
located to the immediate left and right of the front seat if the following
conditions are met:

(1) The material has a minimum visible light transmittance of 88 percent.

(2) The window glazing with the material applied meets all requirements
of Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 205 (49 C.F.R. 571.205),
including the specified minimum light transmittance of 70 percent and
the abrasion resistance of AS-14 glazing, as specified in that federal
standard.

(3) The material is designed and manufactured to enhance the ability
of the existing window glass to block the sun's harmful ultraviolet A rays.

(4) The driver has in his or her possession, or within the vehicle,
a certificate signed by the installing company certifying that the
windows with the material installed meet the requirements of this
subdivision and identifies the installing company and the material's
manufacturer by full name and street address, or, if the material was
installed by the vehicle owner, a certificate signed by the material's
manufacturer certifying that the windows with the material installed
according to manufacturer's instructions meets the requirements of this
subdivision and identifies the material's manufacturer by full name
and street address.

(5) If the material described in this subdivision tears or bubbles,
or is otherwise worn to prohibit clear vision, it shall be removed
or replaced.

Amended Sec. 77, Ch. 1154, Stats. 1996. Effective September 30, 1996.
Amended Sec. 1, Ch. 476, Stats. 1998. Effective January 1, 1999.


26708.2.  Sun screening devices permitted by paragraph (10) of
subdivision (b) of Section 26708 shall meet the following
requirements:
  (a) The devices shall be held in place by means allowing ready
removal from the window area, such as a frame, a rigid material with
temporary fasteners, or a flexible roller shade.
  (b) Devices utilizing transparent material shall be green, gray,
or a neutral smoke in color and shall have a luminous transmittance
of not less than 35 percent.
  (c) Devices utilizing nontransparent louvers or other alternating
patterns of opaque and open sections shall have an essentially
uniform pattern over the entire surface, except for framing and
supports.  At least 35 percent of the device area shall be open and
no individual louver or opaque section shall have a projected
vertical dimension exceeding 3/16 inch.
  (d) The devices shall not have a reflective quality exceeding 35
percent on either the inner or outer surface.



26708.5.  (a)  No person shall place, install, affix, or apply any
transparent material upon the windshield, or side or rear windows, of
any motor vehicle if the material alters the color or reduces the
light transmittance of the windshield or side or rear windows, except
as provided in subdivision (b) or (c) of Section 26708.
  (b) Tinted safety glass may be installed in a vehicle if (1) the
glass complies with motor vehicle safety standards of the United
States Department of Transportation for safety glazing materials, and
(2) the glass is installed in a location permitted by those
standards for the particular type of glass used.


Colorado

42-4-227. Windows unobstructed - certain materials prohibited - windshield
wiper requirements.

(1) (a) Except as provided in this paragraph (a), no person shall operate any
motor vehicle registered in Colorado on which any window, except the
windshield, is composed of, covered by, or treated with any material or
component which presents an opaque, nontransparent, or metallic or mirrored
appearance in such a way that it allows less than twenty-seven percent light
transmittance. The windshield shall allow seventy percent light transmittance.
The provisions of this paragraph (a) shall not apply to the windows to the rear
of the driver, including the rear window, on any motor vehicle; however, if
such windows allow less than twenty-seven percent light transmittance, then the
front side windows and the windshield on such vehicles shall allow seventy
percent light transmittance.

(b) Notwithstanding any provision of paragraph (a) of this subsection (1),
nontransparent material may be applied, installed, or affixed to the topmost
portion of the windshield subject to the following:

(I) The bottom edge of the material extends no more than four inches measured
from the top of the windshield down;

(II) The material is not red or amber in color, nor does it affect perception
of primary colors or otherwise distort vision or contain lettering that
distorts or obstructs vision;

(III) The material does not reflect sunlight or headlight glare into the eyes
of occupants of oncoming or preceding vehicles to any greater extent than the
windshield without the material.

(c) Nothing in this subsection (1) shall be construed to prevent the use of any
window which is composed of, covered by, or treated with any material or
component in a manner approved by federal statute or regulation if such window
was included as a component part of a vehicle at the time of the vehicle
manufacture, or the replacement of any such window by such covering which meets
such guidelines.

(d) No material shall be used on any window in the motor vehicle that presents
a metallic or mirrored appearance.

(e) Nothing in this subsection (1) shall be construed to deny or prevent the
use of certificates or other papers which do not obstruct the view of the
driver and which may be required by law to be displayed.

(2) The windshield on every motor vehicle shall be equipped with a device for
cleaning rain, snow, or other moisture from the windshield, which device shall
be so constructed as to be controlled or operated by the driver of the vehicle.

(3) (a) Except as provided in paragraph (b) of this subsection (3), any
person who violates any provision of this section commits a class B
Traffic Infraction.

(b) Any person who installs, covers, or treats a windshield or window so
that the windshield or window does not meet the requirements of paragraph (a)
of subsection (1) of this section shall be punished by a fine of not less
than five hundred dollars nor more than five thousand dollars.

(4) This section shall apply to all motor vehicles.

(P.A. 84-429, S. 36.)

Cited. 30 CA 263, 266.
UPDATE to COLORADO LAW:

BY REPRESENTATIVE(S) Conti, Acree, Balmer, Brown, Kerr J., Summers, Swerdfeger, Barker, Ferrandino, Gardner B., Holbert, Looper, Scott, Vaad, Williams A.;

also SENATOR(S) Tochtrop, King S., Williams S.

     AN ACT

CONCERNING AN EXEMPTION FROM THE RESTRICTIONS ON WINDOW TINTING FOR PUBLIC SAFETY VEHICLES.

Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the State of Colorado:

SECTION 1.  (1) (a), Colorado Revised Statutes, is amended to read:

42-4-227.  Windows unobstructed -certain materials prohibited -windshield wiper requirements.  (1) (a) (I)  Except as OTHERWISE provided in this paragraph (a), no person shall operate any A motor vehicle registered in Colorado on which any window, except the windshield, is composed of, covered by, or treated with any material or component which THAT presents an opaque, nontransparent, or metallic or mirrored appearance in such a way that it allows less than twenty-seven percent light transmittance.  The windshield shall allow AT LEAST seventy percent light transmittance.

(II)  The provisions of this NOTWITHSTANDING SUBPARAGRAPH (I) OF THIS paragraph (a), shall not apply to the windows to the rear of the driver, including the rear window, on any motor vehicle; however, if such windows MAY allow less than twenty-seven percent light transmittance then IF the front side windows and the windshield on such vehicles shall allow AT LEAST seventy percent light transmittance.

(III)  A LAW ENFORCEMENT VEHICLE MAY HAVE ITS WINDOWS, EXCEPT THE WINDSHIELD, TREATED IN SUCH A MANNER SO AS TO ALLOW LESS THAN TWENTY-SEVEN PERCENT LIGHT TRANSMITTANCE ONLY FOR THE PURPOSE OF PROVIDING A VALID LAW ENFORCEMENT SERVICE.  A LAW ENFORCEMENT VEHICLE WITH SUCH WINDOW TREATMENT SHALL NOT BE USED FOR ANY TRAFFIC LAW ENFORCEMENT OPERATIONS, INCLUDING OPERATIONS CONCERNING ANY OFFENSE IN ARTICLE 4 OF THIS TITLE.  FOR PURPOSES OF THIS SUBPARAGRAPH (III), "LAW ENFORCEMENT VEHICLE" MEANS A VEHICLE OWNED OR LEASED BY A STATE OR LOCAL LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCY.  THE TREATMENT OF THE WINDSHIELD OF A LAW ENFORCEMENT VEHICLE IS SUBJECT TO THE LIMITS DESCRIBED IN PARAGRAPH (b) OF THIS SUBSECTION (1).

SECTION 2.  Safety clause.  The general assembly hereby finds, determines, and declares that this act is necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health, and safety.

Approved: May 4, 2011



Connecticut

Sec. 14-99g. Definitions.

Tinted or reflectorized windows.
Obstruction of view prohibited.
Exceptions.
Sale or delivery of motor vehicles having tinted or reflectorized
  windows prohibited.
Stickers required.
Penalty.
Window tinting businesses.
Regulations.

(a) As used in this section, unless the context otherwise requires:

    (1)   "Light transmission" means the ratio of the amount of
   total light, expressed in percentages, which is allowed to pass
   through a product or material including the glazing to the
amount of total light falling on the product or material and
the glazing.

    (2)   "Luminous reflectance" means the ratio of the amount
of total light, expressed in percentages, which is reflected
outward by a product or material to the amount of total light
falling on the product or material.

    (3)   "Manufacturer" means

  (A) a person who engages in the manufacturing or assembling of sun
screening products or materials designed to be used in
conjunction with vehicle glazing materials, or

  (B) a person who fabricates, laminates or tempers the glazing
material incorporating the capacity to reflect or to reduce
the transmittance of light during the manufacturing process.

(b) No person may operate any motor vehicle which has any object or material
   placed, displayed, installed, affixed or applied in or on such vehicle
   in a manner so as to obstruct or reduce the operator's clear and full
   view of the road through the front windshield or the side or rear windows,
   except as provided in subsection (c) of this section. No person may
   place, install, affix or apply any transparent material on the front
   windshield or the side or rear windows of any motor vehicle if such
   material alters the color or reduces the light transmittance of such
   windshield or side or rear windows, except as provided in
   subsection (c) of this section. Any person required for medical reasons
   to be shielded from direct rays of the sun or any person operating
   a motor vehicle belonging to such person or in which such person
   is a usual passenger shall be exempt from the provisions of this
   subsection. Applications for such exemption based upon such medical
   reason shall be made in writing to the commissioner and shall be
   supported by the written documentation of a physician or optometrist
   licensed to practice in this state.

(c) The provisions of subsection (b) of this section shall not apply to:

    (1)   Front side wing vents and windows  which are not mirror-like in
appearance and have a substance or material in conjunction with
glazing material that has a total light transmission of not less
than thirty-five per cent plus or minus three per cent and a
luminous reflectance of twenty-seven per cent plus or minus
three per cent;

    (2)   Rearview mirrors;

    (3)   Adjustable nontransparent sun visors which are mounted forward
of the side windows and are not attached to the glass;

    (4)   Signs, stickers or other materials which are displayed in a
seven-inch square in the lower corner of the windshield farthest
removed from the driver or signs, stickers or other materials
which are displayed in a five-inch square in the lower corner
of the windshield nearest the driver;

    (5)   The  right and left side windows behind the driver and the
rearmost window which shall not be mirror-like in appearance,
having a substance or material in conjunction with glazing
material that has a total light transmission of not less than
thirty-five per cent plus or minus three per cent and a luminous
reflectance of twenty-one per cent to plus or minus three per cent;

    (6)   The windows behind the driver on any truck, motor bus, trailer,
mobile manufactured home, or multipurpose passenger vehicle, as
defined in the Code of Federal Regulations, Title 49,
Section 571.3, as amended from time to time, which is registered
other than as a passenger motor vehicle, provided said vehicle
is equipped with outside mirrors on the left and right-hand sides,
which are so located as to reflect to the driver a view of the
highway for a distance of at least two hundred feet to the rear
of such motor vehicle;

    (7)   Direction, destination or termination signs upon a passenger
common carrier motor vehicle, provided the signs do not interfere
with the driver's clear view of approaching traffic;

    (8)   Rear window wiper motors;

    (9)   Rear trunk lid handle or hinges;

    (10)  The  rearmost window or windows, provided the motor vehicle is
equipped with outside mirrors on the left and right-hand sides
of the vehicle which are so located as to reflect to the driver
a view of the highway for a distance of at least two hundred
feet to the rear of such motor vehicle;

    (11)  Transparent material which is installed, affixed or applied
to the topmost portion of the windshield, provided:

(A) The bottom edge of the material is at least twenty-nine
inches above the undepressed driver's seat when measured
from a point five inches in front of the bottom of the
backrest with the driver's seat in its rearmost and lowermost
position with the vehicle on a level surface and

(B) the material is not red or amber in color; or

    (12)  Any sticker or certificate required to be affixed or applied
to any window pursuant to federal or state statute or any municipal
ordinance.

(d)   On and after July 1,  1996, no person shall sell, offer for sale or
deliver in the state any motor vehicle having a windshield or any
window which exceeds the standards relative to light transmission
and luminous reflectance specified in this section.

(e)   Each motor vehicle manufactured and sold on and after January 1, 1994,
having a window which has been tinted or darkened with any tinted
material after factory delivery shall have affixed to the lower left
corner of each such window a sticker legible from outside the vehicle
which indicates the sticker registration number, a certification of
compliance with the provisions of this section, and such other
information as the commissioner of motor vehicles deems appropriate.
The sticker shall be of a type which is pressure-sensitive,
self-destructive upon removal, and shall not exceed one square inch
in size. Prior to shipping or making any such material available in
this state, for installation in a motor vehicle, the manufacturer
shall apply to the commissioner of motor vehicles for approval and
registration of its tinted material and the sticker which is to be
used in the identification and certification of compliance with the
light transmission and reflectance standards established  under this
section. The commissioner shall not approve any tinted material or
sticker unless the manufacturer demonstrates that the material and
sticker comply with the provisions of this section. The manufactured
relative to light transmission and luminous reflectance specified in
     this section.

(f)   Any person who violates any provision of subsections (b) to (e),
inclusive, of this section shall be deemed to have committed an
infraction for each offense. Any person who violates any provision
of subsection (b) of this section shall remove such object or material
which obstructs his clear and full view of the road and report within
sixty days to the police department which issued the infractions
complaint to present his vehicle for inspection and to demonstrate
compliance with the provisions of this section. If such person
fails to report to such police department and is cited for a subsequent
violation of this section, his vehicle shall be impounded after
notice and opportunity for hearing.

(g)   Any person owning a vehicle having a window which has been tinted or
darkened with any tinted material after factory delivery, shall
present such vehicle to the department of motor vehicles, by
July 1,  1996, to receive a sticker for any tinted or darkened window
to indicate such tinting or darkening is in compliance with this
section. Any person operating a motor vehicle, on or after
July 1,  1996, in violation of this subsection shall be deemed to
have committed an infraction.

(h)   The provisions of subsections (b) to (g), inclusive, shall not apply
to any motor vehicle in livery service, as defined in section 13b-101.

(i)   On or after October 1, 1993, each person, firm or corporation which
engages in the business of tinting windows of motor vehicles or in
the retail sale or installation of tinted material for such windows
shall post conspicuously and at all times display at each service
counter in its establishment a sign which shall

    (1) state the permissible standards relative to light transmission
and luminous reflectance specified in this section in block
letters not less than three inches in height,

(2) specify penalties for a violation of this section and

(3) include actual tinted materials as examples.

(j)   Each person, firm or corporation which engages in the business of
tinting windows of motor vehicles and which performs such work
from a mobile facility shall provide a written statement to the
purchaser which shall state the permissible standards relative to
light transmission and luminous reflectance specified in this section
and the penalties for a violation of this section.

(k)   The commissioner of motor vehicles shall adopt regulations, in
accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, to implement the
provisions of this section.
50-2207.02. Tinted windows prohibited.

Delaware

316.2952 Windshields; requirements; restrictions. ---

(1) A windshield in a fixed and upright position, which windshield is equipped with safety glazing as required by federal safety-glazing material standards, is required on every motor vehicle which is operated on the public highways, roads, and streets, except on a motorcycle or implement of husbandry.

(2) A person shall not operate any motor vehicle on any public highway, road, or street with any sign, sunscreening material, product, or covering attached to, or located in or upon, the windshield, except the following:

(a) A certificate or other paper required to be displayed by law.

(b) Sunscreening material along a strip at the top of the windshield, so long as such material is transparent and does not encroach upon the driver's direct forward viewing area as more particularly described and defined in Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards Nos. 205 and 128 as the AS/1 portion of the windshield.

(c) A device, issued by a governmental entity as defined in s. 334.03, or its designee, for the purpose of electronic toll payments.


(3) The windshield on every motor vehicle shall be equipped with a device for cleaning rain, snow, or other moisture from the windshield, which device shall be constructed as to be controlled or operated by the driver of the vehicle.

(4) Every windshield wiper upon a motor vehicle shall be maintained in good working order.

(5) Grove equipment, including "goats," "highlift-goats," grove chemical supply tanks, fertilizer distributors, fruit-loading equipment, and electric-powered vehicles regulated under the provisions of s. 316.267, are exempt from the requirements of this section. However, such electric-powered vehicles shall have a windscreen approved by the department sufficient to give protection from wind, rain, or insects, and such windscreen shall be in place whenever the vehicle is operated on the public roads and highways.


History: s. 1, ch. 84-296; s. 15, ch. 93-164.



316.2953 Side windows; restrictions on sunscreening material. ---
A person shall not operate any motor vehicle on any public highway, road, or street on which vehicle the side wings and side windows on either side forward of or adjacent to the operator's seat are composed of, covered by, or treated with any sunscreening material or other product or covering which has the effect of making the window nontransparent or which would alter the window's color, increase its reflectivity, or reduce its light transmittance, except as expressly permitted by this section. A sunscreening material is authorized for such windows if, when applied to and tested on the glass of such windows on the specific motor vehicle, the material has a total solar reflectance of visible light of not more than 25 percent as measured on the nonfilm side and a light transmittance of at least 28 percent in the visible light range.

History: s. 1, ch. 84-296; s. 1, ch. 91-42.



316.2954 Windows behind the driver; restrictions on sunscreening material. ---

(1) A person shall not operate any motor vehicle on any public highway, road, or street on which vehicle any windows behind the driver are composed of, covered by, or treated with any sunscreening material, or other product or material which has the effect of making the window nontransparent or which would alter the window's color, increase its reflectivity, or reduce its light transmittance, except as specified below:

(a) Sunscreening material consisting of film which, when applied to and tested on the rear window glass of the specific motor vehicle, has a total solar reflectance of visible light of not more than 35 percent as measured on the nonfilm side and a light transmittance of at least 15 percent in the visible light range; however, sunscreening material which, when applied to and tested on the rear window glass of the specific motor vehicle, has a total solar reflectance of visible light of not more than 35 percent as measured on the nonfilm side and a light transmittance of at least 6 percent in the visible light range may be used on multipurpose passenger vehicles.

(b) Perforated sunscreening material which, when tested in conjunction with existing glazing or film material, has a total reflectance of visible light of not more than 35 percent and a light transmittance of no less than 30 percent. For those products or materials having different levels of reflectance, the highest reflectance from the product or material will be measured by dividing the area into 16 equal sections and averaging the overall reflectance. The measured reflectance of any of those sections may not exceed 50 percent.

(c) Louvered materials, if the installation of the materials does not reduce driver visibility by more than 50 percent.

(d) Privacy drapes, curtains and blinds, provided such covering is in an open and secure position when the motor vehicle is being operated on any public highway, road, or street.


(2) A person shall not operate any motor vehicle upon any public highway, road, or street, on which vehicle the rear window is composed of, covered by, or treated with any material which has the effect of making the window nontransparent, unless the vehicle is equipped with side mirrors on both sides that meet the requirements of s. 316.294.


History: s. 1, ch. 84-296; s. 2, ch. 91-42.



316.2955 Window sunscreening material; compliance labeling; tolerances. ---

(1) Each installer or seller of sunscreening material shall provide a pressure-sensitive, self-destructive, nonremovable, vinyl-type film label to the purchaser stating that the material complies with the provisions of ss. 316.2951-316.2954. Each such installer shall affix the required label to the inside left door jamb of the motor vehicle. In addition, the label shall state the trade name of the material and the installer's or seller's business name. Labeling is not required for factory glazing which complies with Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 205.

(2) Every percentage measurement required by ss. 316.2951-316.2954 is subject to a tolerance of plus or minus 3 percent.


History: s. 1, ch. 84-296.



316.2956 Violation of provisions relating to windshields, windows, and sunscreening material; penalties. ---

(1) Any person who operates a motor vehicle on which, after June 20, 1984, material was installed in violation of ss. 316.2951-316.2954 is guilty of a noncriminal traffic infraction subject to the penalty provided in s. 318.18(2).

(2) The replacement or repair of any material legally installed is not a violation of ss. 316.2951-316.2954.

(3) Any person who sells or installs sunscreening material in violation of any provision of ss. 316.2951-316.2955 after June 20, 1984, is guilty of a misdemeanor of the second degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082 or s. 775.083.


History: s. 1, ch. 84-296; s. 15, ch. 86-185.



316.2957 Exemption for motor vehicle manufacturers. ---
The provisions of ss. 316.2951-316.2956 do not apply to the manufacturer's tinting or glazing of motor vehicle windows or windshields which is otherwise in compliance with or permitted by Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 205 as promulgated in 49 C.F.R. s. 571.205.

District of Columbia

(a) Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, no motor vehicle may
be operated or parked upon the public streets or spaces of the District of
Columbia with:
(1) A front windshield or front side windows that allow less than 70% light
transmittance;  or
(2) A rear windshield or rear side windows that allow less than 50% light
transmittance.
(b) A motor vehicle may be operated or parked upon the public streets of the
District of Columbia with a front windshield that allows less than 70% light
transmittance above the AS-1 line, or within 5 inches from the top of the
windshield.
(c) Any person who operates or parks a motor vehicle in violation of
subsection (a) of this section shall be issued a $50 citation.
(d)(1) Except as provided by subsection (f) of this section, any motor vehicle
found to violate subsection (a) of this section shall be required to be
inspected at an official District Inspection Station within 5 business days
after the finding.
(2) If the motor vehicle is not brought into compliance with subsection (a)
of this section by the end of the 5-day period, the owner of the vehicle shall
be fined not more than $1,000.
(e)(1) Except as provided by subsection (f) of this section, any motor vehicle
found to violate subsection (a) of this section on a second or subsequent
occasion shall be required to be inspected at an official District Inspection
Station within 5 business days after the second or subsequent finding.
(2) If the motor vehicle is not brought into compliance with subsection (a)
of this section by the end of the 5-day period, the owner of the vehicle may
be fined not more than $5,000.
(f) Any police officer or other authorized government agent of the District
may order the immediate removal of a motor vehicle from the public streets to
an official District Inspection Station if the police officer or other
authorized government agent determines that the health and safety of the public
is at risk due to window tinting in violation of subsection (a) of this
section.
(g) No person shall install window tinting on a motor vehicle which is not
exempt pursuant to subsection (h) of this section, in the District of Columbia
which would cause the motor vehicle to violate subsection (a) of this section
if the vehicle were operated or parked on the public streets of the District of
Columbia.
(h) Limousines, ambulances, buses and hearses, meeting the requirements of 18
DCMR 413.10, church-owned vehicles, and all official government vehicles, shall
be exempt from the requirements of this section.
(i) Nothing in this subchapter shall be construed to modify or affect any
federal law concerning the window tinting of motor vehicles that is applicable
to manufacturers, importers, dealers, or motor vehicle repair businesses for
new or used motor vehicles and equipment.

Whenever used in ss. 316.2951-316.2957, unless the context otherwise requires, the following terms have the following meanings:

(1) "Motor vehicle" means any vehicle as defined in s. 316.003, except vehicles used in farm husbandry, which is registered or required to be registered in the state.

(2) "Multipurpose passenger vehicle" means a motor vehicle with motive power designed to carry 10 persons or fewer which is constructed either on a truck chassis or with special features for occasional off-road operation.

(3) "Reflectance" means the ratio of the amount of total light, expressed in a percentage, which is reflected outward by the product or material to the amount of total light falling on the product or material.

(4) "Sunscreening material" means a product or material, including film, glazing, and perforated sunscreening, which, when applied to the windshield or windows of a motor vehicle, reduces the effects of the sun with respect to light reflectance or transmittance.

(5) "Transmittance" means the ratio of the amount of total light, expressed in a percentage, which is allowed to pass through the product or material, including glazing, to the amount of total light falling on the product or material and the glazing.

(6) "Window" means any device designed for exterior viewing from a motor vehicle, except the windshield, any roof-mounted viewing device, and any viewing device having less than 150 square inches in area.

(7) "Windshield" means the front exterior viewing device of a motor vehicle.


History: s. 1, ch. 84-296.


Florida

Title XXIII
MOTOR VEHICLES
Chapter 316
STATE UNIFORM TRAFFIC CONTROL
316.2955 Window sunscreening material; compliance labeling; tolerances.--

(1) Each installer or seller of sunscreening material shall provide a pressure-sensitive, self-destructive, nonremovable, vinyl-type film label to the purchaser stating that the material complies with the provisions of ss. 316.2951-316.2954. Each such installer shall affix the required label to the inside left door jamb of the motor vehicle. In addition, the label shall state the trade name of the material and the installer's or seller's business name. Labeling is not required for factory glazing which complies with Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 205.

(2) Every percentage measurement required by ss. 316.2951-316.2954 is subject to a tolerance of plus or minus 3 percent.

(3) The department shall adopt rules approving light transmittance measuring devices for use in making measurements required by ss. 316.2951-316.2954. A witness otherwise qualified to testify shall be competent to give testimony regarding the percentage of light transmission when the testimony is derived from the use of an approved device. The reading from an approved device is presumed accurate and shall be admissible into evidence in the trial of any infraction arising under ss. 316.2951-316.2954.


Georgia

House Bill 20 (AS PASSED HOUSE AND SENATE)
By: Representatives Hill of the 21st, Scheid of the 22nd, Byrd of the
20th, and Lindsey of the 54th


A BILL TO BE ENTITLED
AN ACT

To amend Article 1 of Chapter 8 of Title 40 of the Official Code of
Georgia Annotated, relating to equipment of motor vehicles generally, so
as to repeal and reenact certain provisions regarding window tint
restrictions; to provide for definitions; to regulate the application or
affixing of light transmission reducing material or glazing; to provide
for criminal penalties; to provide for powers, duties, and authority of
the Department of Motor Vehicle Safety; to provide for related matters;
to provide for an effective date; to repeal conflicting laws; and for
other purposes.

BE IT ENACTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF GEORGIA:

SECTION 1.
Article 1 of Chapter 8 of Title 40 of the Official Code of Georgia
Annotated, relating to equipment of motor vehicles generally, is amended
by repealing Code Section 40-8-73.1, relating to material affixed to
front windshields or front door windows which obstruct vision into
vehicle, in its entirety and inserting in its place a new Code Section
40-8-73.1 to read as follows:
"40-8-73.1.
(a) As used in this Code section, the term:
(1) 'Light reflectance' means the ratio of the amount of total light
that is reflected outward by a product or material to the amount of
total light falling on the product or material.
(2) 'Light transmission' means the ratio of the amount of total light,
expressed in percentages, which is allowed to pass through a surface to
the amount of light falling on the surface.
(3) 'Manufacturer' means a person who produces or assembles a vehicle
glass-coating material or who fabricates, laminates, or tempers a
safety-glazing material, which material reduces light transmission.
(4) 'Material' means any transparent product or substance which reduces
light transmission.
(5) 'Multipurpose passenger vehicle' means a motor vehicle designed to
carry ten persons or less which is constructed on a truck chassis or
with special features for occasional off-road operation.
(b) Except as provided in this Code section, it shall be unlawful for
any person to operate a motor vehicle in this state:
(1) Which has material and glazing applied or affixed to the front
windshield, which material and glazing when so applied or affixed reduce
light transmission through the windshield; or
(2) Which has material and glazing applied or affixed to the rear
windshield or the side or door windows, which material and glazing when
so applied or affixed reduce light transmission through the windshield
or window to less than 32 percent, plus or minus 3 percent, or increase
light reflectance to more than 20 percent.
The provisions of subsection (b) of this Code section shall not
apply to:
(1) Adjustable sun visors which are mounted forward of the side windows
and are not attached to the glass;
(2) Signs, stickers, or other matter which is displayed in a seven-inch
square in the lower corner of the windshield farthest removed from the
driver or signs, stickers, or other matter which is displayed in a
five-inch square in the lower corner of the windshield nearest the
driver;
(3) Direction, destination, or termination signs upon a passenger common
carrier motor vehicle if the signs do not interfere with the driver's
clear view of approaching traffic;
(4) Any transparent item which is not red or amber in color which is
placed on the uppermost six inches of the windshield;
(5) Any federal, state, or local sticker or certificate which is
required by law to be placed on any windshield or window;
(6) The rear windshield or the side or door windows, except those
windows to the right and left of the driver of:
(A) A multipurpose passenger vehicle;
(B) A school bus, any other bus used for public transportation, and any
bus or van owned or leased by any religious or any nonprofit
organization duly incorporated under the laws of this state;
Any limousine owned or leased by a public or private entity; or
(D) Any other vehicle, the windows or windshields of which have been
tinted or darkened before factory delivery or permitted by federal law
or regulation; or
(7) Any law enforcement vehicle.
(d) The Department of Motor Vehicle Safety may, upon application from a
person required for medical reasons to be shielded from the direct rays
of the sun and only if such application is supported by written
attestation of such fact from a person licensed to practice medicine
under Chapter 34 of Title 43, issue an exemption from the provisions of
this Code section for any motor vehicle owned by such person or in which
such person is a habitual passenger. The exemption shall be issued with
such conditions and limitations as may be prescribed by the Department
of Motor Vehicle Safety.
(e) No person shall install any material upon the windshields or windows
of any motor vehicle, the installation of which would result in a
reduction of light transmission or an increase in light reflectance in
violation of subsection (b) of this Code section.
(f) The Department of Motor Vehicle Safety is authorized to promulgate
such rules and regulations as may be necessary to carry out the
provisions of this Code section.
(g) Any person who violates subsection (b) or (e) of this Code section
shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.


SECTION 2.
This Act shall become effective upon its approval by the Governor or
upon its becoming law without such approval.

SECTION 3.
All laws and parts of laws in conflict with this Act are repealed.

Same as before except; no out of state exemption, and no stickers


Hawaii

TITLE  49
MOTOR VEHICLES

CHAPTER 9
VEHICLE EQUIPMENT

   49-944.  STANDARDS FOR WINDSHIELDS AND WINDOWS OF MOTOR VEHICLES --
PROHIBITED ACTS -- PENALTY. (1) It is unlawful for any person to place,
install, affix or apply any window tinting film or sunscreening device to the
windows of any motor vehicle, except as follows:

  a)  Nonreflective window tinting film or sunscreening devices shall not
  be applied to the windshield below the AS-1 line; if no AS-1 line is
  identifiable on the windshield, nonreflective window tinting film or
  sunscreening devices shall not be applied to the windshield below a line
  extending six (6) inches below and parallel to the exposed windshield;
(b)  Nonreflective window tinting film or sunscreening devices that have a
  light transmission of not less than thirty-five percent (35%) with a
  tolerance limit of plus or minus three percent (3%) and a luminous
  reflectance of no more than thirty-five percent (35%) with a tolerance
  limit of plus or minus three percent (3%) may be applied to the front side
  vents, front side windows to the immediate right and left of the driver,
  and the rear window;
(c)  Nonreflective window tinting film or sunscreening devices that have a
  light transmission of not less than twenty percent (20%) with a tolerance
  limit of plus or minus three percent (3%) and a luminous reflectance of no
  more than thirty-five percent (35%) with a tolerance limit of plus or
  minus three percent (3%) may be applied to the side windows to the rear of
  the driver;
(d)  Window tinting films or sunscreening devices are materials or devices
  which are designed to be used in conjunction with approved vehicle glazing
  materials for the purpose of reducing the effects of the sun;
(e)  Light transmission is the ratio of the amount of total light,
  expressed in percentages, which is allowed to pass through the product or
  material to the amount of total light falling on the product or material;
  (f)  Luminous reflectance is the ratio of the amount of total light,
  expressed in percentages, which is reflected outward by the product or
  material to the amount of total light falling on the product or material.

(2)  No person shall operate on the public highways, sell, or offer to
    sell any motor vehicle with a windshield or windows which are not in
    compliance with the provisions of this section.

(3)  Persons who own a motor vehicle with a windshield or windows not in
    compliance with the provisions of this section on June 30, 1992, shall not be
    charged with a violation of the provisions of this section until January 1,
    1993. Persons owning a motor vehicle with a windshield or windows not in
    compliance with the provisions of this section on June 30, 1992, shall have
    until January 1, 1993, to obtain a certificate from the department of law
    enforcement indicating that the person owned the motor vehicle containing a
    windshield or windows not in compliance with the provisions of this section on
    or before June 30, 1992. The certificate shall be carried in the vehicle. A
    person operating a motor vehicle with a valid certificate as provided in this
    subsection shall not be deemed to be violating the provisions of this section
    on or after January 1, 1993. The department of law enforcement may promulgate
    rules and regulations in order to implement the provisions of this section.

(4)  Nonreflective window tinting film or sunscreening devices that have a
    light transmission of not less than seventy percent (70%) plus or minus three
    percent (3%) for the front windshield and not less than twenty percent (20%)
    plus or minus three percent (3%) for the windows, with a luminous reflectance
    of no more than thirty-five percent (35%) plus or minus three percent (3%) in
    each instance, is permitted for a motor vehicle operated by, or carrying as a
    passenger, a person who possesses written verification from a licensed
    physician that the operator or passenger must be protected from exposure to
    sunlight or heat for medical reasons associated with past or current
    treatment; such written verification shall be carried in the vehicle.

(5)  Nothing in this section shall be construed to make illegal the
    operation or sale of any motor vehicle, the windshield or windows of which are
    composed of, covered by, or treated with, any material, substance, system, or
    component with which the motor vehicle was sold when new or could have been
    equipped for sale when new as standard or optional equipment from the
    manufacturer or authorized dealer under any United States government statute
    or regulation governing such sale at the time of manufacture.

(6)  Any person convicted of a violation of the provisions of this section
    shall be guilty of an infraction.





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